Applicants must make arrangements for the proposed research program with a laboratory of their choice. Strong preference will be given to applicants who propose to study in a foreign lab in which they have not yet studied. The research must be on a topic of vacuum science, technique or application. A form outlining the research program and signed by the supervisor in the laboratory where the research is to be carried out must be submitted with the application to indicate the agreement of the laboratory and the proposed supervisor. It is expected that the successful applicant will be encouraged to publish most of the results in scientific and technical journals.